Nearly the entire population, with the exception of the pygmies, belongs to the Bantus. More than seventy million individuals belong to this denomination that extends throughout Central, Eastern and Southern Africa.

Despite the great ethnic and cultural variety that share the territory and contrary to what unfortunately occurs in other countries of Africa, nowadays in Equatorial Guinea, the cultural differences coexist with each other in complete peace, with no ethnic problems or confrontations.


Ethnic groups and cultures

Fangs. They form the most numerous ethnic group in population. Traditionally, they are structured in relatively autonomous families, clans and tribes. Descendancy is transmitted by the men, hence the importance of the father, of the uncle and of the first born son. Their wooden sculptures, their masks and the Fang ritual statues are appreciated the world over. 

Bubis. They are found on the island of Bioko and are Bantus belonging to the “civilization of the ñame”. Their society is structured in the form of a kingdom that was maintained until the end of the colonial period. Their original religion was monotheist and music, dance and their traditional singing was inspired by religious ceremonies that are still deeply rooted. 

Pygmies. In Equatorial Guinea they are called Beyeles and Bokuigns. They live in small groups and are dedicated to hunting and to the collection of roots and wild berries.

Ndowes. They are a minority, formed by numerous ethnic groups: the Kombe, the Bujeba, the Bapuka, the Balenke, the Enviko and the Benga. Their social organization is through a hierarchy of families, villages, lineages and clans.  

Bisios. Originally from Cameroon, they are not very numerous and emigrated in the 19th century towards the regions near the coast of the Continental Region, down the river Ntem.

Fernandinos and creoles. The middle class of land owners and merchants, who lived a long time in the capital and were mixed descendants of workers that settled throughout the centuries on the plantations of the island of Bioko. 

Annobonese.They live on the island of Annobon and are a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish and African descendants of slaves. They are traditionally fishermen, since agriculture is scarce on the island due to its volcanic soil. They use canoes known as cayucos or dugouts, made of ceiba wood. Most of them speak the Fá d'Ambó dialect, which is Portuguese Creole mixed with Spanish.  

Languages and dialects

Spanish is the official administrative language and that of education. French is the second official languages and nearly all the ethnic groups speak the languages referred to as Bantu.

Latest news

Seminar on Parliamentary Law in the Senate · This specialized course is taught, between August 25 and 29, to all the members of the Senate, in the Conference Room of Ngolo in Bata.Visit of the Minister of Education to the new School of Ntobo· Lucas Nguema Esono Mbang made an inspection visit on Monday, August 25, to the new education center of the town in the province of Centro Sur.The tour of the Obiang Nguema-Amilcar Cabral Foundation begins in Bioko· This artistic and cultural tour, sponsored by the Obiang Nguema Mbasogo-Amilcar Cabral (FONMAC) Foundation, to publicize their work, brings together artists such as the National Ceiba Ballet, Piruchi Apo, Pili La Peligrosa and Tito Bolabote.The winners of the UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Prize announced· The Director General of the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture, Irina Bokova, has announced the name of the winners of the International UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Prize for Research in Life Sciences for 2014. The Iranian Hossein Baharvand, for his research on stem cells; Andre Bationo, from Burkina Faso, for his work on subjects related to fertility of the soil, and the Instituto de Medicina Tropical von Humboldt (IMT), from the Universidad Cayetano Heredia, of Peru, are the winners this year. UNESCO has announced that the prizes will be presented in September in Sipopo (Malabo).Board of directors at the National Institute of Statistics· The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Institute of Statistics of Equatorial Guinea (INEGE), Jose Ela Oyana, assisted by the directors of the various departments of this institution, presided, on Thursday, August 21, over the meeting of the council in one of the halls of Congress Center of Ngolo.More news · Search Engine · Subscribe Subscribe