VILLAGES AND CULTURES


ETHNIC GROUPS, CULTURES AND LANGUAGES

Nearly the entire population, with the exception of the pygmies, belongs to the Bantus. More than seventy million individuals belong to this denomination that extends throughout Central, Eastern and Southern Africa.

Despite the great ethnic and cultural variety that share the territory and contrary to what unfortunately occurs in other countries of Africa, nowadays in Equatorial Guinea, the cultural differences coexist with each other in complete peace, with no ethnic problems or confrontations.

 

Ethnic groups and cultures

Fangs. They form the most numerous ethnic group in population. Traditionally, they are structured in relatively autonomous families, clans and tribes. Descendancy is transmitted by the men, hence the importance of the father, of the uncle and of the first born son. Their wooden sculptures, their masks and the Fang ritual statues are appreciated the world over. 

Bubis. They are found on the island of Bioko and are Bantus belonging to the “civilization of the ñame”. Their society is structured in the form of a kingdom that was maintained until the end of the colonial period. Their original religion was monotheist and music, dance and their traditional singing was inspired by religious ceremonies that are still deeply rooted. 

Pygmies. In Equatorial Guinea they are called Beyeles and Bokuigns. They live in small groups and are dedicated to hunting and to the collection of roots and wild berries.

Ndowes. They are a minority, formed by numerous ethnic groups: the Kombe, the Bujeba, the Bapuka, the Balenke, the Enviko and the Benga. Their social organization is through a hierarchy of families, villages, lineages and clans.  

Bisios. Originally from Cameroon, they are not very numerous and emigrated in the 19th century towards the regions near the coast of the Continental Region, down the river Ntem.

Fernandinos and creoles. The middle class of land owners and merchants, who lived a long time in the capital and were mixed descendants of workers that settled throughout the centuries on the plantations of the island of Bioko. 

Annobonese.They live on the island of Annobon and are a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish and African descendants of slaves. They are traditionally fishermen, since agriculture is scarce on the island due to its volcanic soil. They use canoes known as cayucos or dugouts, made of ceiba wood. Most of them speak the Fá d'Ambó dialect, which is Portuguese Creole mixed with Spanish.  

Languages and dialects

Spanish is the official administrative language and that of education. French is the second official languages and nearly all the ethnic groups speak the languages referred to as Bantu.

Latest news

Greater representation for Equatorial Guinea in the UN· The Republic of Equatorial Guinea has been chosen as a member of the Committee for Programme and Coordination of the United Nations for the 2015-2017 period.Message of condolence from the AU for the death of the President of Zambia· The organization that groups 54 African States expressed its “profound sadness” for the death of Michel Sata, who died on Tuesday, October 28, in London, where he received medical treatment last week. Sata, 77 years of age, served as President of Zambia since 2011 when his party, the Patriotic Front, won the elections over the President at that time, Rupiah Banda.Mario Santos David visits the Secretary General of the PDGE· Jeronimo Osa Osa Ecoro has received the Vice President of the principal party of the European Union, the European People’s Party (EPP), the Portuguese Mario Santos David, who is visiting Equatorial Guinea. Santos David is also the Vice President of the Union of Central Democratic Parties.The UEAC sets the budget of the CEMAC for 2015· The Council of Ministers of the Central African Economic Union (UEAC) set the economic budget of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) for the year 2015 at 96,270,382,520 CFA francs (the budget corresponding to 2014 was 99,751,982,486).Informative meeting in the Bata school district· In the meeting of October 29, Agustina Nsa Esono, inspector of the Bata school district, transmitted to the directors of the 26 school centers of zone 4 the guidelines that the Minister of Education and Sciences, Lucas Nguema Esono, gave to the regional and zonal inspectors on October 24, in the meeting that he held with them.More news · Search Engine · Subscribe Subscribe