See more data on Equatorial Guinea:

Distribution of the economic activity – 2007 (% of GDP)

Due to the changes in structures and activity, agriculture, the main economic activity in the past, barely occupies a place in the current economic distribution. The emigration of the rural population to the cities is one of the main challenges currently confronting the country, as well as the reactivation of sectors such as agricultures, which would permit contribution to the national supply of many products that at present it buys from other countries.
Source: World Bank


Evolution of the population of Equatorial Guinea (1994 - 2010)

The population of Equatorial Guinea is characterized by a young structure, marked by high birth and fertility rates and decreasing mortality.
Furthermore, it records high immigration into the country, which is comprised by the massive return of the natives and the entrance of foreigners.

Source: Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business Development. Directorate General of Statistics and National Accounts. III GENERAL CENSUS OF THE POPULATION AND HOUSING 2001
2013
 
1
Iceland
2
Denmark
3
New Zeland
4
Austria
5
Switzerland
6
Japan
7
Finland
8
Canada
9
Sweden
10
Belgium
27
Spain
44
United Kingdom
53
France
89
Equatorial Guinea
99
United State
101
China
150
Israel
155
Russia
156
Congo, Dem. Rep.
160
Syria
161
Somalia
162
Afghanistan

2013 Peace index by countries

In the ranking by countries of the Global Peace Index 2013, Equatorial Guinea occupies the 89th position among 162 countries.

Source: Global Peace Index 2013

  ESP EEUU GE
Number of internal violent conflicts
1
2,5
1
Estimated number of deaths by external organized conflicts
1
3
1
Number of deaths by internal organized conflicts
1
2
1

Comparison of violence in other countries.

The existence of conflict in Equatorial Guinea is very low, and much lower than in other States, as can be seen in the ranking of the Global Peace Index.


Evolution of indicators of peace, comparative

The low index of possibility of terrorist activities, as well as the low crime rate and conflicts have made Equatorial Guinea an increasingly stable and peaceful country.

Source: Global Peace Index

Level of respect for human rights, comparative

According to the Global Peace Index, the level of respect for human rights in 2009 reached the same rate in Equatorial Guinea as in Spain and is greater than that of the United States.

Source: Global Peace Index
Main economic and financial indicators selected for 2006-2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
(Annual percentage variation, except as otherwise indicated)
Production, prices and money
Real GDP1.321.410.75.30
• Oil and gas GDP (excluding the hydrocarbon production of the secondary sector)-6.411.97.1-6.6-6.3
• Non-oil GDP (including the hydrocarbon production of the secondary sector)29.847.218.127.610.8
GDP deflator14.4-1.223.7-33.619.1
• Oil and gas GDP (excluding the hydrocarbon production of the secondary sector)180.429-40.925.3
• Non-oil GDP (including the hydrocarbon production of the secondary sector)8.80.912.8-11.312.1
Hydrocarbon production (thousands of barrels of oil equivalent per day)382459.8488.6461.9434.5
• Oil and gas production in the primary sector (1)344.8356.8358.3318.7292.1
• Hydrocarbon production in the secondary sector (2)37.3103130.3143.2142.4
Price of oil (US dollars per barrel ) (3)60.367.193.358.573
Consumer prices (annual average)4.52.84.37.17.1
Consumer prices (end of the period)3.83.76.27.76.9
Money in the broad sense14.141.330.131.313.5
External sector
Exports f.o.b.16.623.641.1-41.315.1
• Hydrocarbon exports16.723.542.5-42.615.2
• Oil exports of the primary sector14.714.338.5-44.614
• Hydrocarbon exports of the secondary sector44.5126.458.7-27.219.6
Imports f.o.b.-4.817.165.334.5-26.9
• Imports of the non-oil sector57.915.683.847.1-29.4
Exchange rates16.22.621.3-25.113.3
• Nominal exchange rate (depreciation -)0.454.8-2.6...
• Real effective exchange rate (depreciation-)7.85.83.54.2...
Public finances
• Revenue and donations36.112.832.2-22.4-14.6
• Total cost and net loans42.342.244.658.5-30.5
Investment and saving
Gross investment32.535.325.946.729.2
• Public15.116.916.94322.1
• Private17.318.493.67.1
Gross national savings39.539.634.930.724.6
Public finances
Revenue and donations40.838.3374129.1
• Hydrocarbon revenue37.533.934.637.226.3
Net costs and loans17.220.321.6498.3
Overall balance after donations (4)23.419.215.4-80.8
• Non-oil primary balance (cash base, non-oil GDP percentage)-54.6-49.7-67.2-02.0-53.7
• Gross public savings1,8212,632.33,560.33,335.83,628.7
External sector
Balance in current account (including the official transfers; deficit -)7.14.39.1-16-4.6
Outstanding public debt in the medium and long terms1.510.74.97.4
Debt service/exports ratio (percentage)116.836.10.70.20.4
External debt service/public incomes (percentage)4.71.60.30.81.7
External sector
Exports f.o.b.8,29010,25114,4658,4959,781
• Hydrocarbon exports8,21710,15014,3668,3839,661
• Oil exports in the primary sector7,5398,61511,9296,6127,539
• Hydrocarbon exports of the secondary sector6781,5352,4371,7742,122
Imports f.o.b.-2,020-2,365-3,909-5,258-3,845
Balance in current account (deficit -)6795411,673-1,950-714
Overall costs balance686397834-1,467894
Outstanding public debt in the medium and long terms1561361206201,153
Official gross external assets5,0787,5798,1188,4639,417
• Reserve assets of the BEAC3,0673,8464,4313,1464,100
• Bank deposits of the Government in other countries2,0113,7333,6865,3175,317
Official gross reserves of the BEAC (millions of US dollars)12,08715,688.........
Official gross reserves of the BEAC (months of imports of the next year)58
Nominal GDP (billions of CFA francs)5,0216,0278,2505,7716,937
Non-oil GDP (including the hydrocarbon production in the secondary sector)1,0621,5782,1022,3772,952
Exchange rate (average; CFA francs/US dollars)523479448472...

Main economic and financial indicators selected for 2006-2010

(Annual percentage variation, except as otherwise indicated)

Sources: Data provided by authorities in Equatorial Guinea and estimates and projections of the IMF staff

Evolution of exports since the country’s independence.

Before the discovery of the oil, exports from Equatorial Guinea were practically insignificant.
Since the year of its independence up to 1979, the sale of products to other countries decreased categorically. From 1979 up to the middle of the 1990s, with the new government, a very slow improvement has been achieved.

In the mid-1990s, the new economic resources have permitted spectacular development in exports, but only since the end of the 1990s, comprising fifteen years, have the benefits of this income begun to be accounted for and become real.

Source: United Nations.